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' ... The ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach recently approved two new fees designed to upgrade short-haul lorries
and improve the region's transportation infrastructure
. On the one hand, the two ports approved in late December a fee of US$35 per twenty-foot equivalent unit (or US$70 per standard 40-foot container) that will be imposed
beginning 1 June 2008 on every loaded cargo container entering or leaving a marine terminal by short-haul (drayage) lorry
. The fee will be charged to cargo owners and collected by marine terminal operators
. Containers entering or leaving by rail, being moved between port terminals or being moved to an on-dock rail facility will be exempt
. Fee revenues, which are expected to amount to US$1.6 billion over the next five years, will be deposited into a special account to pay for a fleet of new clean harbour lorries. This new fee is expected to result in an 80 percent reduction in emissions from short-haul lorries by 2012 and will remain in place until such lorries comply with the requirements of the ports' Clean Air Action Plan.
A separate fee was approved on 14 January to help pay for needed repair, replacement or improvement of bridges, railways and roadways in the L.A./Long Beach harbour area. This fee, which is expected to generate some US$1.4 billion, will be assessed on every cargo container entering or leaving any terminal by lorry or train beginning on 1 January 2009, with the exception of containers moving between two terminals within the ports. The fee amount will fluctuate depending on the funding needs of approved projects. It is estimated that the fee will total US$15 per TEU (or US$30 per FEU) in 2009, increase to US$18 per TEU in 2010 and 2011 and decline to US$14 per TEU from 2012 through 2014 and US$10 in 2015. The fee will be completely phased out when the infrastructure projects it was approved for are fully funded ...'
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